In this article, I quote from Simon Fish's Supplication for the Beggars. Then I discuss at great lengths to place the quote within the context of the history of Europe from the 4th Century to the 16th Century CE, only to form my analysis of Fish's Supplication and finally conclude with the Twelve Conclusions of the Lollards, emphasizing its importance with quotes from the Scripture on forgiveness and Christian charity – agapé.
Any mistakes and omissions are entirely my own. SHK 2016-10-31
“Most lamentably complains their woeful misery unto your Highness your poor daily bedemen¹ the wretched hideous monsters (on whom scarcely for horror any ye dare look) the foul unhappy sort of lepers, and other sore people,
rosary. In Medieval English, bede means prayer and is derived from the Old English word biddan. Thus, beadsman means a man of prayer.
2: contrient interdependence: A condition of social situations in which
the actions that benefit some individuals harm others. It tends to
promote competition. [From Latin con- together + terere to rub or
grind + -ent present participle ending + English interdependence]
From: contrient interdependence in A Dictionary of Psychology »
Catholic mystic Geert De Groote., the Confraternity of the Common Life is based on his relations with the German Gottesfreunde (Friends of God), a medieval lay group within the Catholic Church, and the writings of the Flemish mystic Ruysbroek (John of Ruusbroe)c.
Ladislaus and his growing unpopularity by the Magyar people under his rule, and the fears of hereditary monarchy by the Prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire that culminated in the election of Count Adolf of Nassau-Wellburg as Holy Roman Emperor in 1292, King Albert I of Germany was finally elected King of the Romans (Holy Roman Emperor) in 1298. Due to his humility and keen sense of justice, he protected the serfs and especially the
Jews, who would be expelled from France in 1306 by King Philip.
King Francis 1 would make the strategic and sometimes tactical alliance with Suleiman the Magnificent, the Turkish sultan of the Ottoman Empire, thanks in part to the Turkish conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by Mehmet II and unification of the Middle East between 1516 and 1517 by Selim 1, Suleiman's father. But that's another tale.
that a legitimate male heir was required to inherit his entire estate (England and Scotland).
Wolsey to appeal to Pope Clement VII for an annulment, having sought Anne Boleyn as his new wife, a lady-in-waiting to his soon-to-be former wife Catherine of Aragon.
As bishop Wolsey showed no personal ambition to become pope. Indeed, he was “more joyous thereof than if it had fortuned upon my person”, which showed his humility.
Roman Empire a danger to all Europe.
the treasurer of the Chamber, John Heron to create the “Subsidy.” By accurate valuations of the taxpayer's wealth, one shilling per pound of income was now exacted.
But feudalism was dying out due to education of the middle and upper class of British society.
It is amazing what a little education can do to expand the horizons of a people, especially the British people.
example e.g. the Avignon Papacy warring with the Holy Roman Empire and amassing Papal States to become a power unto itself.
indicated that ordination of priests and bishops do not have any scriptural precedent. IMHO this point would the Church's clergy because the religious law that justifies ordination of clergy is a man-made law, not a law that Jesus laid down.
clergy and thus incompatible with Christian theology.
it is inappropriate in the higher offices in the Church to also hold
positions of great temporal power e.g. the rich Italian banking
families that followed the Avignon Papacy from Italy (the Medici
the uncharitableness of saying prayers for specific individual dead
since it by implication excludes all the other blessed dead not being
prayed for. Also the practice of prayer requests for the dead by
donating money to the Church is bribery that leads to corruption.
the practice of pilgrimages and veneration of relics are ineffectual
for spiritual merit and thus idolatry in their worship of man-made
objects. IMHO is it any wonder that the lower classes still practiced
their folk Christianity in private, at least until the oppression of
Puritans by the Anglican church led to an exodus of Puritans to
the practice of confession for absolution of sins is blasphemous
since only God has the power to forgive sins. If priests did have
that power, it is cruel and uncharitable of them to withhold that
forgiveness from anyone in the world, even if they refused to
to commit sin is human, to forgive divine. Just as the Lord forgave
the Jews and the Romans on the hill called Skull (Luke 23:34), so did
he preach forgiveness in prayer (Matthew 6:1-15) as a good example
for everyone alike to follow.
healing the paralytic, the Christ not only forgave his sins because
“the Son of man has power on earth to forgive sins.” (Matthew
9:6). Like the Christ, the clergy ought to forgive especially those
parishioners who do not confess of their sins out of charity.
Peter asked Jesus, "Lord,
how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till
seven times?" And he answered, "I
do not tell you ‘till seven times,’ but till seventy times
seven.” Thus, even if your brother sins against you, forgive him
always. It matters not if thy brother is related by blood or not. If
you are forgiven your spiritual debt then forgive the debt that other
people owe you. By being of a forgiving nature, you will realize that
nobody owes you a debt at all. (Matthew 18, Mark 2, Luke 5)
ought be on our minds as Christians, for the Lord said “whatever
you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it
shall be yours. And
whenever you stand up to pray, forgive, if you have anything against
any one, that so your Father also who is in heaven may forgive you
your trespasses". (Mark 10:24-25)
your heart is full of charity for the Lord like the woman who wet his
feet with her tears and poured perfume on them, he shall forgive you
too. It matters not if it is five sins or fifty, save the sin of
forgetting God. (Luke 7:49)
also said “Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive everyone who
has offended us; and bring us not into temptation.” (Luke 11:4). By
this he meant that when we ask God to forgive our sins, we also
forgive everyone lest we be tempted to sin again.
is clear what Jesus meant when he said, "Be
on you guard! If your brother sins, rebuke him, and if he repents
if he sins against you seven times a day, and seven times a day turns
to you saying ‘I repent,’ you shall forgive him." (Luke
instances of the Christ preaching forgiveness include Luke 23:34, and
through Peter resisting Simon the Magi attempted to buy the power of
healing (Acts 8:22) who said “Repent then this of your wickedness,
and beseech the Lord to forgive you this purpose of your heart.”
For the gift of healing through the power of the Holy Ghost cannot be
bought or sold. A good Christian does not let the love of money tempt
him when shares the blessings of the Holy Ghost.
the letters of Paul too flow the Holy Ghost as the Comforter that
forgives the offender in 2 Corinthians 2:1-10. Given that the
Corinthians doubted about the resurrection, Paul asked them to
forgive if he was any burden to them (2 Corinthians 12:13).
Colossians 3, Paul advised the Colossians on how to be good
Christians, stating that “as
God’s chosen people, consecrated and beloved, clothe yourselves
with tenderness of heart, kindness, humility, gentleness, good
with one another and forgiving each other, if any one has a grievance
against another. Just as Christ the Lord forgave you, so must you
them all bind on love, which is the girdle of completeness. Let the
peace of Christ, to which also you were called in one body, rule in
your hearts, and show yourselves thankful.” (Colossians 3:12-15)
John says “if we confess our sins, faithful is he and just to
forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all wrongdoing” for “we
have a partnership with one another” as Christians, for his
sacrifice at the cross has cleansed us from every sin. (1 John 1)
is because the practice of forgiveness is the habit of good
Christians that I quote Scripture to emphasize the importance of
forgiveness as a Christian.
Christians should refrain from warfare, especially wars justified by
religion, such as crusades. They are blasphemous since the Christ
taught men to love and forgive their enemies. IMHO it is not a
weakness of character to preach love and forgiveness of enemies.
Justice will still demand that their evil acts be punished by law
when their acts break the law. As Christians we have no need of
hatred towards enemies.
can a Christian say that what he does is good if he libels his enemy
and generalizes against them, misquoting their scripture, using it to
shame them, thinking that by doing so they are true Christians? Where
Jesus purportedly preaches violence, he did say “that's enough”,
implying that as Christians we follow the Ten Commandments
faithfully, knowing that we as the truly righteous are peace loving
matters not if that enemy is your brother, your sister, your
neighbour, a terrorist, a madman, the poor, the diseased. Truly, in
the depths of my heart I believe this. Should my actions betray my
hypocrisy, I repent of it to God. In the name of Jesus, Amen.